Broke Cattle Markets, Broken Cattle Feeder

The U.S. cattle industry has lost nearly half our cattle ranchers and over 70% of our feeding operations.

Is it time to do something about the abusive market power of the meat industry?

A self-explanatory table and a chart showing monthly net returns to feeding.
Data are through March 2016.

A 12-year moving average of returns.

Competitive markets adjust over time to big losses and to big profits. Due to the long biological cycle for cattle, such adjustments can take years.

Before consolidation and captive supplies, all of you know that we observed cyles of 10-15 years duration due to these lags. In a competitive market we would expect the 12-year moving average to be fairly stable with no significant trend. Not so. The overall trend in this moving average is strongly negative, revealing a loss of over $100/head in the past 20 years.

The major feeders must be incurring huge losses …. or getting big kickbacks.

Broken markets. Absolutely.

Bob Taylor
Organization for Competitive Markets

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Real World Ranch Restoration


In late March, a fascinating group of forward-thinkers, innovators and change-makers converged at Callicrate Cattle Company for a ten-day intensive regenerative farm planning and design workshop led by Darren Doherty, a world recognized consultant and facilitator.

Owner Mike Callicrate met Doherty a few years ago on a business trip to Australia and immediately began a long-term collaboration with the native Australian, who is considered a leader worldwide at shifting farms and ranches from the current “extractive industrial model of production” to sounder approaches based on regenerating and rebuilding soils, landscapes, ecosystems and rural communities.

“I wanted to put together a systematic plan going forward that accomplishes our goals rather than just talking about it and never doing it,” Mike explained. “It’s a complex undertaking. It’s hard rebuilding a broken food system. It’s hard for a ranch even to stay in business without fair markets or a democratic food infrastructure that serves everyone equally.”

In the final analysis, he considered it as important to avoid missteps as to brainstorm the full range of possibilities suited to the short-grass prairie environment, which is particularly fragile because it overlies the rapidly depleting Ogallala Aquifer. (He discusses his concerns about the dwindling water supply HERE as part of an HBO special investigation.)

Mike’s northwest Kansas ranch was the second stop on Doherty’s 2016 Regrarians 10 tour (aka REX), which began in California and has additional workshops scheduled in Tennessee, Texas, Oregon and upstate New York, as well as Chile, Mexico, France and Morocco.

Comprised of 1,200 acres of contiguous semi-arid plains, Callicrate Cattle Co. is on the large end of the spectrum of farm sites Doherty plans to visit this year. He was enthusiastic about the venue and its unique challenges.

“I like to work with host farms that are representative of their region, since my emphasis is on working agricultural landscapes,” Doherty explained.


At the outset of the planning process, Mike (shown above right) expressed several long-term goals for the property, including optimizing the production of multi-species livestock and developing a soil-building operation that would create additional revenue while benefiting neighboring farms. His son Teegan, a gifted metalworker and construction manager, also shared several big-picture priorities, such as growing healthy food, passing on a healthy environment to his infant son and retaining or attracting more young people to the local community.

Several attendees came from Colorado Springs and Denver but others traveled from as far as Eastern Canada to attend the mix of classroom-style strategy sessions and on-farm evaluation and planning exercises.

Doherty has presented more than 200 landscape design workshops in all kinds of geographies and climates around the world. His format is a comprehensive review of every feature of a farm, including placement of water sources, roads, buildings and future tree plantings; livestock rotation and foraging patterns; soil types; and more. The process builds on an inter-related series of questions. How can water runoff be captured and stored for future use? How can fences, roads, trees and buildings be configured to best enhance the farm’s workflow? How can various revenue streams be integrated so they support and enhance the farm’s overall economy?

Each day entailed a combination of reading and plotting new configurations on maps, interspersed with studying, measuring and intuiting the land, water, wind and vegetation.

“We put a bit down on paper and then we go out and look at it, and then we come back in and add some more scribbles,” Doherty explained.

He established a participatory, peer-based learning environment by dividing participants into small groups each charged with developing their own plans, making presentations and asking questions at the same time as he was conducting his own assessment and design.


Not surprisingly, the roughly two-dozen who participated in all or part of the course were interested in food production, landscape management or both. More intriguing was that everyone brought a broader social mission to their ambitions as well.

That common thread made perfect sense to Doherty.

“Agriculture is a social act, because it feeds the world,” he said. “In some ways it’s the ultimate social activity. It’s the foundation of civilization as we know it.”

Those attending from the surrounding region included Brian Lassek, of Black Forest, who is involved with Fox Hole Homes, a New Mexico nonprofit that seeks to create sustainable off-the-grid housing communities for homeless veterans. “For me, all of this stuff is about freedom,” he said, emphasizing the importance of psychological freedom and freedom from addiction. He wants to redesign communities in ways that enhance the health, well being and social support of residents.

“I understand that homelessness is not just about financial or social issues. You can’t solve it by throwing money at it,” he said.

Becky Elder, owner of Blue Planet Earthscapes, a permaculture design business in Colorado Springs, was attracted by the chance to watch ecological design principles applied across sweeping acreages.

“I’ve been doing permaculture on a small scale since 2002, but it’s so interesting to look at this from the standpoint of a large expansive farm and the acres beyond it,” she said. “I’ve wanted to do something like this for a long time. Converting 500-square-foot yards is great, but it doesn’t have the same effect. It isn’t the solution. I just think seeing this process done on a broad scale is really powerful.”

Similarly, John Hoag, a Colorado Springs-based architect specializing in green building, said the project had broadened his perspective.

“Water has many more roles in the function and management of a property than I previously imagined,” he said. “I’m finding things here that might apply to my future endeavors and also learning about what the most passionate permaculture practitioners are doing around the world today.”

Also hailing from southern Colorado was Ryan Sanders, who owns 6 ½ acres near Beulah at the headwaters of the Arkansas River. As he develops the property, he hopes to create a sustainable management model for grazing lands that can be adopted by neighboring ranchers.

One last-minute guest to the party was Christopher Gish, who works in food service at Linger Restaurant in Denver. Doherty and his family had dinner there with Mike Callicrate the night before the course began and offered Gish, who ended up waiting on them, a scholarship to attend. Gish was blown away by the invitation, in no small part because it gave him a chance to become intimately familiar with the ranch that provides the beef featured in several popular dishes at the restaurant, including the sliders, barbecue tacos, Cubano sandwiches and something called “hangover ramen.”

“I knew about the past history and the cattle marketing lawsuits Mike had been involved in and everything, but being able to see firsthand the future of the farm unfolding and how it’s setting the path for other farms, that was just an incredible experience,” he said. (Read more of his reflections, HERE.)

Gish traded out part of his time at the workshop with another member of the Linger waitstaff, Eric Goodline. The two are supporting the development of an eco-friendly orphanage and library in Nepal through the Seeds of Change Foundation, which Gish founded.

Other participants came from farther afield. Skyler Adamson works with a community orchard and edible landscaping project in Lawrence, Kan. Peter Allen is a former ecology professor from Madison, Wis., who wanted to put his preaching into practice by starting a successful sustainable farm and meat CSA. Justin Bramhall runs a retreat center an hour and a half south of Tucson and dreams of transforming it into an ecological demonstration site.

Jenny Bowen, a musician and local food advocate from Wichita, Kan., hopes to apply what she’s learned to a community farming project in that city. Reading about the concept of regenerative agriculture lit her fire to learn more about it, she said.

Cassandra Noel, of Santa Fe, said she was drawn by the workshop’s emphasis on holistic planning. She’s become increasingly interested in the nexus between soil health, food production and climate change. She’s also an interfaith minister who looks at education, health and land management through a spiritual lens.

No one traveled further to be there than Adam MacLean, who came all the way from Prince Edward’s Island, Canada. His attendance was mostly a function of timing, since once the growing season gets underway he’ll be too busy to leave the land he manages back home. He hoped to begin applying some of the things he’d learned immediately on return.

“I’ve done lots of education in this space, but I hadn’t been to one of Darren’s courses before,” he said. What sets Doherty’s training apart? It’s “pragmatic” and “grounded in reality,” MacLean said, a view echoed by other attendees as well and testament to Doherty’s reputation for creating functional, workable designs.

Joe Johnson was charged with recording the daily proceedings on the Regrarians’ REX2Kansas Facebook page. He is a nondenominational minister from Arizona and has done developmental work in Haiti. “I want to learn about this but I’m still not entirely sure how I’ll use it,” he said. “What I do know is this training brings together people who have a real social dimension to what they do. I don’t think you can get here without that.”


restore4During the course, participants had the chance to attend an evening screening of the documentary film Polyfaces, which was produced by Doherty’s wife, Lisa Jane Heenan. It was shown at the local Cheyenne Theater in downtown St. Francis, Kan., and presented free to the public in exchange for a goodwill offering. Heenan’s visually arresting film tells the story of Polyface Farm, one of the best-known examples of alternative agriculture in the country. It traces the farm’s history, makes clear why owner Joel Salatin remained committed to sustainable principles, reveals how the farm eventually developed a cult following and how its influence shaped the lives of its owners, workers and customers along the way. (DVDs of the film and information on guest screenings are available HERE.)

Heenan explained that the project was a five-year labor of love that began in 2011 with one main objective: encourage viewers to shop consciously by considering the type of agriculture they support when they spend their food dollars.

The Regrarians course concluded on March 31, but Doherty said in many ways the end is only the beginning. Using Facebook and Google Docs, he plans to engage roughly 240 alumni from this year’s tour in an ongoing dialogue. Graduates will have the chance to interact, ask each other questions and brainstorm new ideas in the months and years to come.

Meanwhile, Callicrate Cattle Co. now has a thoughtfully honed and meticulously detailed blueprint to follow as the farm continues its transformation toward a more regenerative, self-sustaining, ecologically attuned production model.


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PLANTRIOTIC: PP#74: Mike Callicrate – Cattle Rancher & Part-Time Vegetarian


Mike Callicrate is not like the typical Plantriotic Podcast guest…and he is also not the typical cattle rancher and beef supplier. Mike is a local farmer who has been working for decades to defend the small farm lifestyle and business model from massive food corporations that are trying to consolidate food production while polluting the environment and harming animals in the process.

Mike served as an advisor on the books Omnivores Dilemma, Fast Food Nation, and the films Fresh and Food Inc. Mike also sued IBP (later bought by Tyson Foods) for alleging unfair and discriminatory marketing practices.

Mike now supplies beef to the major cities of Colorado and is in charge of the entire process from raising the animals, to slaughter, processing, and distribution.

PLEASE help support the Plantriotic Podcast and Vlog: PATREON.COM/PLANTRIOTIC

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Humans, Animals and the Environment Colorado College – Winter 2016

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Corporate Farming Bill Threatens Nebraska’s Family Farms



February 1, 2016

Corporate Farming Bill Threatens Nebraska’s Family Farms

HAPPY PIGS ON A FAMILY FARM.  If pigs could vote, they would say NO to LB176

If pigs could vote, they would say NO to LB176 and Smithfield’s factory farms

The Organization for Competitive Markets is calling on farmers, ranchers and consumers across Nebraska to strongly oppose a bill in the state legislature that would reduce competition in the marketplace by allowing packer ownership of hogs. Nebraska is the only state that still prohibits packers from owning hogs more than five days prior to slaughter.

“We can’t let this happen in Nebraska,” said OCM President Mike Callicrate, who raises livestock in Northwest Kansas. “There’s a reason Nebraska is the nation’s leading red meat producing and processing state, with more independent family farmers, ranchers, and feedlot owners per capita than any other state in the nation. Nebraska’s success is directly tied to the fact that the Competitive Livestock Markets Act is in force, providing a shining example of what can be done to protect a vibrant agricultural economy. When independent livestock owners and operators are treated fairly in the marketplace, commerce thrives and rural communities prosper.”

Legislative Bill 176 would amend Nebraska’s Competitive Livestock Market Act to allow for corporate ownership of hogs. It was introduced by State Senator Ken Schilz, who continues to lead the charge to kill the state’s ban on packer ownership of livestock. The Nebraska legislature could vote on the bill as early as this week.

“Allowing corporate ownership of hogs in Nebraska is an affront to the work of state senators like Cap Dierks who rescued Nebraska’s livestock producers from crashing markets in 1999 by standing up for competitive markets. Senator Schilz’s bill would reverse their important work and signal the final death knell for independent livestock producers,” Callicrate said. “We’ve already seen what contract farming and captive supplies have done to the poultry industry, and beef is not far behind, as last year’s huge and unprecedented loss of equity from the cattle business shows. Surely by now the track record is clear on how corporate packers pillage the environment while impoverishing farmers, abusing animals and exploiting workers and rural communities for their own gain.”

Of particular concern to OCM is that Smithfield Foods, the major force and financing behind the bill, is the largest pork processor in the world, and is now Chinese owned. Similarly, the largest beef and poultry processor, JBS, is owned by Brazil, all of which points to the gradual takeover of American agriculture by foreign countries.

“China has already robbed the U.S. of its productive capacity by undercutting U.S. manufacturers through unfair trade practices, including artificial devaluation of currency and virtual slave labor practices that make their exports cheaper than U.S. produced goods. This is just one more step along a path where China exploits America’s political posture of doing nothing while the trade deficit soars,” Callicrate said. “Why isn’t Senator Schilz looking out for Nebraskans instead of facilitating a Chinese-owned corporation in plundering the resources of Nebraska, leaving only the waste behind?”

Mike Weaver, an OCM board member, poultry grower and beef cattle producer from West Virginia who is also president of Contract Poultry Growers Association of the Virginias, implores Nebraska’s senators to vote against LB176 in its entirety.

Weaver writes in a letter to Senators, “I am sure this change in your state law will eventually lead to more consolidation in beef and pork production and force out the independent farmers and ranchers who are the backbone of your state and, indeed, of this great country.”

“Having been in poultry production for almost 15 years, I have seen continuous consolidation of production which equates to squeezing farmers more and more every day,” he continues. “The best example I can give you is the fact that chicken growers — not just in our area, but nationwide — have not seen an increase in base pay for almost twenty years! At the same time, inflation has increased our expenses by 300 to 400 percent.”

OCM is asking all citizens in Nebraska to hold their legislators accountable for this bill’s consequences. Let them know that a vote for this bill is a vote to kill competitive markets while placing foreign interests above the best interests of Nebraska and the nation.

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